The Eye Anatomy - Awareness

Let's dissect the palate we are working on, not only will it provide comfort when working with strong liquids around the eyes. It will give you a piece of mind when a negative reaction occurs.

I remember starting out thinking this was going to be simple, you put a fake lash onto a real lash. Not really, thinking anything could really happen because their eyes are closed. As a newbie, it's hard to foreshadow the unknown of "what could go wrong?" scenarios, because you really don't know anything else in this newfound industry. Besides, I got it, " Do not get glue or any liquids into the eyes!" and we are good to go.

Then, that very first red eye, that first swelling around the eye line, that first major allergic reaction, that first client discomfort during the procedure and not understanding why because you have been lashing the last 30mins and it was fine.

The eye is the most important organ. Your eyesight is one of your most important senses: 80% of what we perceive comes through our sense of sight. By protecting your eyes, you will reduce the odds of blindness and vision loss while also staying on top of any developing eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma. So of course we need to protect our client by knowing what we are working with.

FUNCTION OF EACH EYE PART:

The eye has many parts that must work together to produce clear vision:
  
The sclera, or white part of the eye, protects the eyeball.

The pupil, or black dot at the centre of the eye, is an opening through which light can enter the eye.

The iris, or coloured part of the eye, surrounds the pupil. It controls how much light enters the eye by changing the size of the pupil.

The cornea, a clear window at the front of the eye, covers the iris and the pupil.

A clear lens, located behind the pupil, acts like a camera lens by focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye.

The retina is a light-sensitive inner lining at the back of the eye. Ten different layers of cells work together in the retina to detect light and turn it into electrical impulses.

What are the 2 causes of damage to the eye in relation to all things lashing?

Chemical burns can occur if a solid chemical, liquid chemical, or chemical fumes get into the eye. Many substances will not cause damage if they are flushed out of the eye quickly. It may take 24 hours after the burn to determine the seriousness of an eye burn. Chemical fumes and vapours can also irritate the eyes.

In conjunction with lashing - lash cleansers, primers, adhesives, lash removers, under eye pads, lash lift solutions while perming

Foreign object in the eye, such as dirt, an eyelash, a contact lens, or makeup, can cause eye symptoms. Objects may scratch the surface of the eye (cornea) or become stuck on the eye. If the cornea is scratched, it can be hard to tell whether the object has been removed, because a scratched cornea may feel painful and as though something is still in the eye. Most corneal scratches are minor and heal on their own in 1 or 2 days. Small or sharp objects could possibly puncture the eyeball. Injury may cause bleeding between the iris and cornea, a change in the size or shape of the pupil, or damage to the structures inside the eyeball. These objects may be deep in the eye and may require medical treatment.

In conjunction with lashing - tweezers, mascara wands, lint free applicators, micro brushes, your fingers and hands

Signs of an Eye Infection

Signs of an eye infection may include:
    • Pain in the eye.
    • A feeling that something is in the eye (foreign body sensation).
    • Increased sensitivity to light (photophobia).
    • Yellow, green, bloody, or watery discharge from the eye.
    • Increasing redness of the eye or eyelids.
    • A grey or white sore on the coloured part of the eye (iris).
    • Fever with no other cause.
    • Blurred or decreased vision.

Eyes may often water or tear. You may notice a small amount of white or creamy drainage at times. If you have no pain or other symptoms, home treatment is usually all that is needed. More serious infections affect the entire eye area Any signs of infection along with a change in your vision or other symptoms need to be evaluated by a doctor.

Infection can develop in the eye from irritation, such as getting a small amount of a chemical in the eye. Infection can also occur after a minor eye injury or a small scratch on the cornea. If untreated, some types of eye infections can damage the eye very quickly.

Infections can be more severe in people who wear contact lenses. If you think you may have an eye infection, remove your contacts and wear your glasses.

What do you do if an injury occurs?

After an eye injury, you need to watch for vision changes and symptoms of an infection. Most minor eye injuries can be treated at home.


How do you know if the eyes are damaged? 

Depending on the cause, symptoms of corneal damage may include: Redness and swelling of the eye tissues and eyelid. Tearing and blurred vision.

The cornea is the clear front part of your eye. Depending on the cause, symptoms of corneal damage may include:

    •    Redness and swelling of the eye tissues and eyelid
    •    Tearing
    •    Blurred vision
    •    Irritation
    •    Sensitivity to light
    •    Sensation of something in the eye
    •    Eye discharge
    •    Milky or cloudy area on the cornea
    •    Vision lost

Client’s should watch for Vision changes may mean a serious problem with the tissue that lines the back of the eyeball (retina), optic nerve, or blood vessels in the eye. Evaluation by a health professional is needed right away for sudden vision changes, such as:

  • Flashes of light (photopsia). Photopsia is brief but recurrent streaks, sparks, or flickers of light, particularly when you move your eyes or head. The flashes of light may be easier to see when you look toward a dark background. The brief flashes may occur with retinal detachment.
  • New floaters—shadows or dark objects that float across your visual field. Sudden development of floaters may be a sign of a retinal tear.
  • A dark curtain or veil across part of your visual field. This may occur with retinal detachment.
  • Partial or complete vision loss in one or both eyes. This may occur with retinal detachment.

Pain in the eye. Things like sunburn, injury, or infection may cause pain in the eye.
Painful sensitivity to light (photophobia). This may be a sign of a problem such as glaucoma or iritis.

How do you treat corneal injuries?

The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped part in front of your eyes. Minor corneal abrasions usually heal in a couple of days. More serious wounds take longer to heal and can cause irritation, pain, tearing, and redness. If the cornea becomes deeply scarred, it can cause vision problems. Treatment may include patching the eye, using a temporary contact lens, and prescription eye drops or ointments.

Minor injuries Home Treatment

Most minor eye injuries can be treated at home.

  • If you have a cut on your eyelid, apply a sterile bandage or cloth to protect the area. If you don't have a sterile bandage, use a clean cloth. Do not use fluffy cotton bandages around the eye. They could tear apart and get stuck in the eye. Keep the bandage clean and dry.
  • To reduce swelling around the eye, apply ice or cold packs for 15 minutes 3 or 4 times a day during the first 48 hours after the injury. The sooner you apply a cold pack, the less swelling you are likely to have. Place a cloth between the ice and your skin. After the swelling goes down, warm compresses may help relieve pain.
  • Do not use chemical cooling packs on or near the eye. If the pack leaks, the chemicals could cause more eye damage.
  • Keep your head elevated to help reduce swelling.
  • Try a non-prescription pain medicine such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin to relieve pain. Do not take aspirin if you are younger than 20 unless your doctor tells you to.

If client's eye symptoms are not completely gone after 24 hours of home treatment, they should see their doctor.

Object in the Eye: First Aid

  • Don't rub the eye since this can scratch the outer surface (cornea) of the eye. You may have to keep small children from rubbing their eyes.
  • Wash your hands before touching the eye.
  • If you wear contact lenses, take your contacts out before you try to remove the object or flush the eye.
  • If an object is over the dark centre (pupil) of the eye or over the coloured part (iris) of the eye, you may try to flush it out gently with water. If the object does not come out with flushing, wear dark glasses and call your health professional. Do not put any pressure on the eye.
  • If the object is on the white part (sclera) of the eye or inside the lower lid, wet a cotton swab or the tip of a twisted piece of tissue and touch the end of it to the object. The object should cling to the swab or tissue. Some minor irritation is common after you have removed the object in this way.
  • Gently flush the eye with cool water. A clean eyedropper may help. Often the object may be under the upper eyelid and can be removed by lifting the upper lid away and flushing gently.
  • Do not try to remove a piece of metal from your eye, an object that has punctured the eye, or an object stuck on the eye after flushing with water.
  • Never use tweezers, toothpicks, or other hard items to remove any object. Using these items could cause eye damage.

Burn in the Eye

  • Immediately flush the eye with cool water. Fill a sink or dishpan with water. Put your face in the water, then open and close your eyelids to force water to all parts of your eye. You can also flush your eye under a running faucet or shower. You may need to open and close your eyelids with your fingers. Move your eye in all directions during the flushing so that all areas of your eye are rinsed. This is the first thing a doctor would do.
  • Keep flushing for 30 minutes. The eye may feel better while flushing with cool water but may continue to be painful after you stop flushing.
  • After flushing your eye, wear dark glasses or cover the eye with a sterile bandage or cloth. If you don't have a sterile one, use a clean bandage or cloth. Do not use fluffy cotton bandages around the eye. They could tear apart and get stuck in the eye. Keeping the eye closed may help reduce pain.
  • Do not apply any pressure to the eye or the area around the eye.
  • If blisters form, do not pop them.
  • Use a light, cool compress to reduce the pain. If a small ice pack is used, place a cloth between the ice and the skin. Do not use chemical cooling packs on the eyes. If the pack leaks, the chemicals could cause more eye damage.

Hope this was helpful for you to create a safer lashing environment. Once we can get the client in a comfortable state, have them see their eye doctor to consult so the problem does not get worse.